Monday, June 24, 2019

How silver became Scotland’s precious metal of choice

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by Alice Blackwell, BBC:

Silver – not gold – was the most powerful material in the formative history of Scotland in the first millennium AD, yet none was mined here. How did silver become Scotland’s precious metal of choice?

Scotland’s earliest silver arrived via the Roman army, in the form of coins. This was the pay packet as far as the Roman soldiers were concerned.

Local tribes, who received gifts of silver coins, were less interested in the currency value – they couldn’t spend them outside the Roman Empire.

But to them this new material was a symbol of status and Roman favour.

Hacksilver

By the late 3rd Century AD, we see a new phenomenon – ‘hacksilver’.

Research undertaken for the National Museum of Scotland’s new exhibition – Scotland’s Early Silver – and some of the new finds we’ll be showing, have led to significant changes in our understanding of the practice.

As the name suggests, we’re talking about silver which has been hacked up – vessels, tableware and other objects.

Previous finds, such as the spectacular hoard unearthed in 1919 at Traprain Law in East Lothian, were originally taken as showing that this was something that ‘barbarians’ did to their ‘loot’.

But, in fact, the initial hacking of silver was done within the Roman Empire.

Silver objects were turned into bullion – fragments carefully cut to standard Roman weight measures and then often folded into handy packages.

Hacksilver was used by the Romans in what we might now understand as a form of frontier diplomacy, whether gifts or bribes to quell a troublesome tribe or even set them against their neighbour.

Read More @ BBC.co.uk

JFK Files: The CIA Planned To Murder American Citizens In Miami And Blame It On Cuba During Operation Mongoose

by Alex Thomas, SHTFPlan:

As reporters have began to sift through the thousands of newly revealed government documents relating to the assassination of President Kennedy and subsequent investigation, we are starting to see some stunning revelations concerning not only JFK but the overall mindset of the CIA at the time in their all out war against Communism.

One of the more scary revelations to come out so far details a copy of a paper on “Pretexts” for war with Cuba that described a plan, under Operation Mongoose, to conduct false flag terror attacks in Miami, to be blamed on Cuba but actually carried out by the Central Intelligence Agency.

“Operation Mongoose” was the operational name for the CIA’s plan to topple the Castro government which we now know included purposefully killing our own citizens.

The time was 1962, the same year that brought us the now infamous Operation Northwoods, which was also a plan to kill American citizens as a pretext for war with Communist Cuba.

“On April 12th, 1962, General Lansdale forwarded to Maxwell Taylor an “advance copy” of the Joint Chiefs paper on “Pretexts” stating, I am informed that the Chiefs approve of this,” reads the document.

Keep in mind that this is an admission that the Pentagon at the time was fully on board with killing Americans if it allowed them to wage war against Cuba.

“We could develop a Communist Cuban terror campaign in the Miami area, in other Florida cities and even in Washington. We could sink a boatload of Cubans enroute to Florida (real or simulated),” the false flag plan reads.

“We could foster attempts on lives of Cuban refugees in the United States even to the extent of wounding in instances to be widely publicized. Exploding a few plastic bombs in carefully chosen spots, the arrest of a Cuban agent and the release of prepared documents substantiating Cuban involvement also would be helpful in projecting the idea of an irresponsible government.”

While it has been long known that Operation Mongoose was a false flag pretext operation to go to war with Cuba, the fact that the CIA was going to murder Americans hasn’t been released although it has been hinted.

As James Bamford reported in his bookBody of Secrets: Anatomy of the Ultra-Secret National Security Agency From the Cold War Through the Dawn of a New Century, “The U.S. Department of Defense report even suggested covertly paying a person in the Castro government to attack the United States: “The only area remaining for consideration then would be to bribe one of Castro’s subordinate commanders to initiate an attack on [the U.S. Navy base at] Guantanamo.”

This is yet more evidence that the United States government can and does carry out false flag operations, with 9/11 being the most major example of our time.

Read More @ SHTFPlan.com

Former Qatari PM Admits to Arming ISIS with U.S., Saudi Arabia

from TRuNews:

A former senior Qatari leader has admitted that his country knowingly armed terrorists in Syria and did so with the help and oversight of Saudi Arabia, Turkey and the United States.

VERO BEACH, FL (TruNews) The former Prime Minister of Qatar Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber al-Thani told Qatari TV on October 25th that the U.S.-led “anti-terror” alliance began shipping weapons to jihadists from the very moment events “first started” in Syria in 2011.

Al-Thani likened the covert operation to hunting for sport, and said the alliance treated President Assad and his supporters like “prey.” 

Al-Thani added that Qatar was placed in charge of the execution for this proxy war by Saudi Arabia’s now-deceased King and the U.S., and that his nation has “full documents” and records proving that the Syrian war was planned to effect regime change.

As Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Al-Thani oversaw the operations in Syria on behalf of Qatar until 2013.

A 2014 email published by WikiLeaks shows that Hillary Clinton, the U.S. Secretary of State during Al-Thani’s rule, knew Qatar was a state-sponsor of ISIS during that time period.

In June of this year, Al-Thani told PBS’ Charlie Rose that from the beginning the Syrian war was controlled from “two operation rooms” located in Jordan and Turkey, and that “in Syria, everybody did mistakes, including your country.”

Read More @ TRUNews.com

Weak 8: Scenes of Protest From the NFL’s Early Games

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by Dylan Gwinn, Breitbart:

While there’s no doubt that NFL protests have tapered off in recent weeks. There remain several players and several teams, that are apparently determined to continue.

If a team “Most Likely to Protest,” were to be named in the NFL Yearbook for 2017, the 49ers and the Seahawks would certainly be numbers one and two on that list. The Seahawks don’t play until later in the afternoon. However, the 49ers lived up to their reputation as they prepared to take on the Eagles:

Not to be left out, the Eagles’ Malcolm Jenkins protested as well:

The Colts have not accomplished much of anything on the football field this year. Though they appear to have this interlocked arms thing down:

Read More @ Breitbart.com

The Government Continues Attempts To Take Down Bitcoin Through Nefarious Means

by Mac Slavo, SHTFPlan:

The government really dislikes it when people make a living by conducting moral business practices without paying for their permission to do so.  This is all too evident when examining the most recent arrest of a man for selling Bitcoin.

According to local news media reports, a Michigan man named Bradley Anthony Stetkiw has been charged by local authorities for operating an unlicensed money transmitting business. The charges have been filed in US District Court. According to an indictment released by Detroit TV news services WD-IV Friday, the 52-year-old ran an exchange through the LocalBitcoins website, conducting transactions at restaurants in the Bloomfield area. Stetkiw is alleged to have sold bitcoin without a license (paying for permission from the government) as part of a business venture for approximately two years.

After selling about $150,000 in bitcoin, the feds set up a sting operation to catch Stetkiw. He sold more than $56,000 worth of bitcoin to federal agents through six meetings. Authorities say that that volume of transactions makes him subject to federal anti-money laundering regulations.

The government is not alleging that Stetkiw harmed anyone or took any property.  He’s in trouble for not paying to register himself as a business. According to the indictment:

Operating under the user name ‘SaltandPepper,’ Stetkiw bought, sold and brokered deals for hundreds of thousands of dollars in bitcoins while failing to comply with the money transmitting business registration requirements set fort in Title 31, United States Code, Section 5330.

Earlier this year, Detroit resident Sal Mansy plead guilty to the charge of operating an unlicensed money services business. He allegedly conducted $2.4 million-worth of transactions over a two-year period ending in July 2015. Other arrests in Missouri and New York suggest actions against independent U.S. bitcoin sellers are becoming more commonplace.

Read More @ SHTFPlan.com

Fragmenting Countries, Part 1: Catalonia Is Just The Beginning

by John Rubino, Dollar Collapse:

Picture a life where you do most of your shopping through Amazon.com and the local farmers’ market, most of your communicating through Facebook and Instagram, much of your travel via Uber, and much of your saving and transacting with bitcoin, gold and silver.

Do you really need an immense, distant, and rapacious central government? Maybe not. Perhaps your region or ethnic group would be better off forming its own independent country.

This question is being asked — and answered — in a growing number of places where distinct cultures and ethnic groups within larger nations now see their government as more burden than benefit. The result: Secession movements are moving from the fringe to mainstream.

In just the past couple of weeks, Iraqi Kurdistan and Spain’s Catalonia declared their independence. Neither succeeded, but the fact that they felt free to try illustrates how times have changed.

This is fascinating on a lot of levels, but why discuss it on a gloom-and-doom finance blog? Because secession is about the messiest event a country can experience short of civil war. And few things are more financially disruptive for an already over-leveraged society than potential dissolution.

Today’s fiat currencies depend for their value on the belief that the governments managing them are coherent and competent. Let a major region break away and plunge a debtor country into political/civil chaos and the markets will abandon its currency in a heartbeat. Note the sense of panic in the following article:

 

EU TURMOIL: Finland preparing to go against Spain and RECOGNISE Catalonia’s independence

(Express) – FINLAND could be the first country to officially recognise Catalonia as a republic state, in a move that would put the Scandinavian country in direct opposition to the European Union (EU).

 

The country’s MP for Lapland Mikko Karna has said that he intends to submit a motion to the Finnish parliament recognising the new fledgling country.

Mr Karna, who is part of the ruling Centre Party, led by Prime Minister Juha Sipila, also sent his congratulations to Catalonia after the regional parliament voted earlier today on breaking away from the rest of Spain.

Should Finland officially recognise the new state of Catalonia this will be yet another body blow to the the EU which has firmly backed the continuation of a unified Spain under the control of Madrid.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker warned today that “cracks” were appearing in the bloc due to the seismic events in Catalonia that were causing ruptures through the bloc.

Mr Juncker spoke in favour of unity. He said: “I do not want a situation where, tomorrow, the European Union is made up of 95 different states. We need to avoid splits, because we already have enough splits and fractures and we do not need any more.”

The Scottish Government has also sent a message of support, saying that Catalonia “must have” the ability to determine their own future.

Read More @ DollarCollapse.com

BREAKING: China – World’s Largest Gold Producer Mine Supply Plummets 10{5f621241b214ad2ec6cd4f506191303eb2f57539ef282de243c880c2b328a528}

by Steve St. Angelo, SRSrocco.com

The world’s top gold producer saw its mine supply plummet by 10{5f621241b214ad2ec6cd4f506191303eb2f57539ef282de243c880c2b328a528} in the first half of 2017.  According to the GFMS World Gold Survey newest update, China’s gold production in 1H 2017 fell the most in over a decade.  The fall in Chinese gold production is quite significant as the country will have to increase its imports to make up the shortfall in its mine supply

The data in the GFMS 2017 Q3 Gold Survey Update & Outlook reported that Chinese gold mine supply declined 23 metric tons to 207 metric tons in the 1H 2017 versus the 230 metric tons during the same period last year:

The report stated the reason for the decline in Chinese gold production was due to the government’s increased efforts to curb pollution as well as heightened awareness of environmental protection.  Furthermore, GFMS analysts forecast that Chinese gold production will continue to deteriorate for the remainder of the year as production is scaled down.

This is undoubtedly bad news for a country that is not only the world’s largest gold producer but also because China consumes all of its domestic mine supply.  To get an idea just how far China is ahead of the rest of the pack, take a look at the following chart:

Last year, Chinese gold mine supply of 454 metric tons (mt), was 56{5f621241b214ad2ec6cd4f506191303eb2f57539ef282de243c880c2b328a528} higher than second-ranked Austraila at 291 mt.  These eight top gold mining countries produced 56{5f621241b214ad2ec6cd4f506191303eb2f57539ef282de243c880c2b328a528} of the total world’s supply of 3,222 mt in 2016.  Lastly, you will notice that South Africa came in last place at 150 mt.  However, South Africa was the leading gold supplier in the world in 1970, when it produced a staggering 1,000 mt:

Read More @ SRSrocco.com

KEVIN SPACEY FLEW ON ‘LOLITA EXPRESS’ WITH BILL CLINTON

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by Paul Joseph Watson, Infowars:

Revelation resurfaces after child molestation accusation

Records show that alleged child molester Kevin Spacey flew on the infamous ‘Lolita Express’ – the private jet owned by pedophile Jeffrey Epstein – along with former President Bill Clinton.

The revelation has resurfaced in the aftermath of claims by actor Anthony Rapp that Spacey sexually assaulted him when he was a 14-year-old boy after a party at Spacey’s apartment in 1986 when Spacey, then 24, picked up Rapp, placed him on his bed and climbed on top of him.

Spacey subsequently apologized for the incident, but deflected by making the story about how he was now living as a gay man.

The media dutifully obliged and the gravity of the sexual assault claim has been obfuscated to some extent by the press focusing on the House of Cards actor’s sexuality.

In 2008, financier Jeffrey Epstein, whose friends included some of the most powerful people on the planet, was convicted of soliciting an under-age girl for prostitution.

Spacey was on board Epstein’s private jet with Bill Clinton when it flew from JFK Airport into the Azores before the former President and the actor enjoyed a tour of Africa.

According to Fox News, Epstein, “Allegedly had a team of traffickers who procured girls as young as 12 to service his friends on “Orgy Island,” an estate on Epstein’s 72-acre island, called Little St. James, in the U.S. Virgin Islands.”

Bill Clinton took at least 26 trips on the Lolita Express, a luxury jet fitted out with beds where prominent elitists allegedly had sex with young girls, ditching his Secret Service detail for 5 of those trips.

Clinton chose to continue his association with Epstein even after, according to the Alliance to Rescue Victims of Trafficking, “everyone within his inner circles knew was a pedophile.”

Read More @ Infowars.com

The Stage Is Set For A MASSIVE PRICE SMASH Or An EPIC SHORT SQUEEZE In Gold & Silver

from SilverDoctors:

Monday Outlook: The storm clouds are once again forming overhead, but then again, they might just rain on the cartel’s parade. Here’s why…

Fundamentally speaking, this is one week that is perfect for anybody looking to smash the prices of gold & silver. By Wednesday, we will have the closed door FOMC with no press conference.

There will be a statement release at 2:00 p.m. EST:

Interestingly, the CME Group is only showing about a 1{5f621241b214ad2ec6cd4f506191303eb2f57539ef282de243c880c2b328a528} chance of a rate hike:

And every MSM pundit is fully expecting the Fed to “hold” on 100-125 basis points.

But moving out to December is a whole different story:

Read More @ SilverDoctors.com