Sunday, June 16, 2019

Meet The Tiny Mobile Home That Comes Equipped With A Tiny Greenhouse

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by Brianna Acuesta, True Activist:

This tiny greenhouse is going to change the lives of future residents.

When people make the dramatic, yet increasingly popular, switch to tiny house living, they’re not just choosing to live in a smaller place. They’re choosing adventure (if it’s a mobile home), the outdoors because having a tiny interior encourages residents to venture outside, and a life free from all the extra stuff we collect over the years. In the process of paring down on items, lots of people feel that they are being forced to give up some of their passions that require lots of supplies, such as art or extreme sports, and more people and builders are developing better designs to help accommodate these needs.

That’s exactly what the company Olive Nest Tiny Homes is doing with their designs and their latest release allows residents to continue with their passion for gardening and sustainability. Gardening can be difficult, especially for those living in apartments or small spaces that don’t allow for too many plants or have no access to sun. So it’s come as a surprise that the company was able to integrate a tiny greenhouse into their latest design, but it’s more than perfect for people already interested in sustainability, small carbon footprints, and rejecting consumerism.

Read More @ TrueActivist.com

 

Prepper Strategy: Vital Considerations When Planning a Bug-Out Location

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by Jeremiah Johnson , Ready Nutrition:

ReadyNutrition Guys and Gals, this piece is meant to stimulate thought and action toward having a place to retreat to if the time comes.  I know, everybody is going to defend their piece of land to the death when the SHTF.  How about when the SHTF in another matter…akin to our fellow citizens with Hurricane Harvey?  Stands to reason that the numbers of the displaced and homeless are starting to mount.  Whatever the “end event” may be, there always exists the possibility that you must flee.  Let’s explore some criteria and options.

By this time (long in the tooth/late in the game) you should have already formulated a plan…a “Plan B” if you wish for where to run.  If you have not, you need to consider these criteria.  Many of you (especially the naysayers, skeptics, and trolls) will “what if” these criteria to death.  Use the basics and apply them to the situation that arises.

  1. How far away is either national forest or woods to retreat into?
  2. Does the area you plan on fleeing to have a water supply, food (in the form of game or forage), isolated from groups of people, and out of the radius of the initial event (hurricane, nuclear attack, etc.)?
  3. Can you reach it? This takes into consideration your route planning…using the road, waterways, or possibly an air escape.  Traffic patterns, viable roads, and gridlock must be factored into your planning.
  4. Will you be alone or will other families be with you, and/or waiting for your arrival?

This last part is very important.  It is one thing to plan on going to a safer area, but it is quite another to have one prepared and waiting for you.  Now is the time to act on things.  Now is the time to formulate a good, solid plan of action and stick to it when the time arrives.  Do not suffer from the “paralysis of analysis,” because you can plan for years and then fail when the time comes to make a decision to act.

There are too many factors to be able to list in under ten pages single-spaced.  We’re trying to generate some ideas and also to stimulate thought toward a viable plan.  When the SHTF arrives?  Here’s a good rule of thumb to follow: Everybody will be “needy” and need what you have, and you will need the things that others have.

That house out in the country by the Everglades where your cousin lives?  Maybe a good time to see what you can contribute to it and what kind of alliance you can form.  You need to do your research and find out about uninhabited cabins in parks and recreational areas.  Do your research and find out about hotels or travel lodges that are beginning to shut down with the close of the summer.  As survivalists, you understand the physical needs of material support and safety for your families.  Now is the time to research a place to flee to if need be.

Here’s a “spark” for the mind: What if more than one thing happens?

Chances are one thing may spark other things, such as a nuclear war may trigger large fires of the likes of which we’re experiencing currently in the northwest.  You may have multiple problems to deal with, and if you have to abandon ship (your home) you want to have a place to go, already planned out if not stocked up and prepared.

Planning promotes a good follow-through.  Formulate that plan and inventory your equipment.  Don’t just plan on one location to flee to: you should have multiple locations.  You may flee your town to avoid a nuclear war, only to find you end up in an area where forest fires have been raging for months.  Game it out at every angle, and start gaming it now.  I can’t even tell you how many people e-mail me their desires to leave their home state.  I make a suggestion, and they say, “Well, we’ll have to wait and see.”  Then they give me their reasons.

Read More @ ReadyNutrition.com

If You Don’t Know the Answers to These Questions, You Need to Work on Your Prepper Mindset

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by Jeremiah Johnson, Ready Nutrition:

This article’s purpose is to provide you with a framework of ideas for self-assessment.  The piece is Part I of two parts.  It is one of the U.S. Army’s Principles of Leadership to know yourself and seek self-improvement.  This is rooted in a principle that goes back to the time of the Bible, that he who knows himself and controls his passions is stronger than the conqueror of a city.  As conquerors of cities run, few were as adept as Sun Tzu, ancient Chinese warlord, and strategist.  Sun Tzu said to know yourself and to know your enemy, with emphasis on the first part.  It is this part that we concentrate our focus.

Do you know yourself?  It is a fair question.  Survivalist and prepper, yes, but do you reallyknow yourself?  One of the problems that we face in life is that we find our identity, the “who we are” within our interests…of what we do.  If a guy works with electrical outlets and wiring buildings, then he is an electrician and calls himself as such.  Akin to the zombies in George Romero’s movie, “Night of the Living Dead,” we plod through life and live and die within our professions, perhaps changing from one profession to another, but always self-identifying with what we do: a utilitarian identity.

            But who are we?  Do we know ourselves?

Perhaps this is confusing; however, rather than leave you with the question to sort out, let’s place some feedback and framework into it.  Let’s answer a question by asking ourselves more questions.  YOU SHOULD WRITE THESE DOWN ON PAPER, to review.   Let’s do it!

  1. How do you see yourself outright, in what roles in their totality? A husband and father who is a college graduate and works as a master mechanic. That is an example of a potential “first impression” of yourself.
  2. Now…how have you challenged yourself, physically, in your life? Were you an athlete?  Are you still?  What did you accomplish with sports?  What were your awards?  What was your greatest athletic accomplishment, the one you were the proudest of…and why were you proud of it?
  3. Who are your friends? [An old saying: Show me who your friends are, and I’ll show you who you are].  Are you tightly-knit, akin to a family?  Are they “winners” in life, meaning successful at taking care of themselves and their families?  Or are they huddled around a 55-gallon drum with a fire in it, passing around the Popov?
  4. How have you challenged yourself academically and mentally? What are your greatest accomplishments from a scholastic (and perhaps competitive) perspective?  Were you a chess champion?  An “Avalon Hill” game tournament winner?  An excellent speech and debate practitioner?  Do you write?
  5. Service: How have you served something greater than yourself? The Red Cross?  Your church?  In the military, or the Peace Corps?  What were your greatest accomplishments there?  Have you ever saved someone’s life…in peacetime, or in war?  Have you ever been recognized by your peers for your accomplishments?
  6. What are your greatest strengths?
  7. What are your weaknesses, physical, mental, and emotional? Are you prone to a violent temper?  Are you docile to the point of being afraid of confrontation, either verbal or physical?
  8. What skills do you possess? List them all…yes, all of them.  What do you know how to do?  What have you done?  There is a difference between those two parts.  Knowing how to do it is being “technically proficient.”  Actually being able to get it done is being “tactically proficient.”
  9. What are your three greatest skills and strengths?
  10. What is your number one strength…the one that you could match up with anyone in the world that you know of? What is that area where you are a master technician and tactician, performing it so well that you move in the fluid manner of an artist…that when you perform what you do best, it is more akin to an art form?

These are your starting points.  A good self-assessment.  If you are honest with yourself, you will really have some great material to look back on and to use as a tool to find out your goals and how you’re going to achieve them.

Then, #11.  For number 11?  Take one person whom you trust and know will be honest with you…and have them read all of it.  Then ask for their opinion of all of it…especially asking them to be honest with their assessment of your strengths and weaknesses.

Read More @ ReadyNutrition.com

Is This What You Call Being Prepared?

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by Jeff Thomas, International Man:

In talking with American clients about their need to prepare themselves for the upcoming socio-economic/political upheaval in their country, my advice to them primarily revolves around the concept that, if you’re living in a bad neighbourhood, the obvious solution is to leave.

Many choose to do just that. Those who have limited funds seek out employment in a country that’s less likely to be dramatically impacted than their home country. Those who are a bit more well-heeled generally liquidate what they can in their home country and forward the proceeds to one where the economy and socio-political situation are more stable—and one where the rights of the individual are more greatly respected.

They then convert their wealth into a more protectable form, by buying real estate in such countries and, particularly, by converting wealth into precious metals and storing it in a top-rate facility in the chosen country.

If they can afford it, they additionally rent or purchase a home and acquire the right to residency in such a country so that, if their home country suddenly becomes less liveable, they can simply pack a carry-on and be on a plane that day.

However, far more individuals say something to the effect that “I’m too invested in where I am. I’ll make a stand right here. Let the bastards come and get me if they want to. I’ve got plenty of guns and ammunition.”

This position is, of course, very manly. It smacks of the protection of home and family. And, like John Wayne in his role as Davy Crockett at the Alamo, it has a truly patriotic ring to it.

Of course, it’s also true that Davy Crockett died at the Alamo, along with all those who fought alongside him. (Not at all a positive outcome.)

So, let’s have a realistic overview of this commonly stated “plan” to “make a stand.”

What if the authorities arrive without aggression?

It’s entirely possible that authorities will go door-to-door, neighbourhood to neighbourhood, to confiscate provisions and weaponry. If you see personnel carriers loaded with SWAT teams, who then approach your door quietly, but armed, are you really going to throw open the door and start blazing away, or are you going to recognize that giving up your weapons is better than certain death?

Do you possess adequate weaponry?

When I’ve visited the US, I have, on quite a few occasions, been shown the gun collections of those who described themselves as “armed and ready.” They’ve shown me a wide variety of weapons, from AK-47’s to crossbows. (The former might be a good choice to fight off an assault, but the latter would be a very poor choice.) The “defender” invariably has weapons of a variety of calibres—an assortment of handguns and rifles.

Unfortunately, as any combat veteran will advise, having racks of weaponry in differing calibres is a very poor approach to defence. Instead, a semi-automatic long weapon with plenty of clips of ammunition is the way to go, possibly backed up by a spare, plus a handgun or two, holstered. This should be the outfit for each defender within the home. Not an interesting but ineffective gun collection.

And, even if you’re more combat-ready, with, say, a dozen M-16’s, if you don’t also have a dozen trained defenders living in your home, they’ll do you little good.

Read More @ InternationalMan.com

Radio Communication Methods During Emergencies- Part 5

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from Survival Blog:

So far, you’ve learned about the FCC and non-FCC license communications devices and equipment that is used with them. I touched on the use of Ham devices in an emergency, if you don’t yet have your Ham license. Now, let’s wrap up by learning how you can obtain your Ham license and move on to establishing and planning your communications.

Getting Your License

Ham radio licenses come in three levels, increasing in complexity of test and allowable frequencies. The FCC does not charge for the license, but your local Ham radio club usually has a $14 fee for giving the exam.

I usually describe the Ham radio licenses in the following way:

  • Technician class: a test on what you can’t do and why you can’t do it, along with an overview on what you are allowed to do and how not to electrocute yourself. After passing it you have access to VHF/UHF/50MHz with limited access to some HF.
  • General class: a test on how things function and an overview of the new things you can do, plus a reminder of how not to electrocute yourself. This includes access to almost all amateur frequencies.
  • Extra class: a test on the theory behind what you are doing, plus a few extra frequencies, oh… and bragging rights.

 

There are a number of free and cost resources. Since the question pool changes every few years, make sure you have the latest version. Some resources just focus on the answers; some go over the content and give you all possible answers. Personally, I recommend the KB6NU Technical Study guide. It focuses on what is needed to pass the test. Study this, and use the hamexam.org link to test how you are proceeding. When you are 90-100{5f621241b214ad2ec6cd4f506191303eb2f57539ef282de243c880c2b328a528} successful, start looking for a local exam.

If you have looked into Ham radio years ago, please note that they stopped the CW (Morse Code) requirement. There are free, and at cost, study guides for each level of test, and you will learn more than you think while studying for them. Personally, I recommend a General class license; this has almost all frequency privileges while still being a reasonable test.

Establishing and Planning Communication

Knowing who you want to talk to, what kind of equipment they have, what time of day it is for both of you, and their location matters. Location isn’t just about distance; it’s about terrain, too. For instance, if you want to talk to your rural neighbor that lives in a valley two mountains and 60 miles away, your approach will be different than if the terrain was flat and there was 80 or just three miles between you. Almost all options here require a Ham radio license. Communications plans can be outlined with non-licensed technologies; however, they are extremely limited in power and distance.

Basic Questions for Communications Planning

  • With a map, identify where you are and where they are expected to be.
  • List distance in a straight line between you and them; use a ruler, map, and map key.
  • On the map, draw a circle around each person, team, and location and have those circles overlap. This will give you a better understanding of the distances you need to communicate over. Those distances will help you understand the bands you will need to operate with.
  • Identify major terrain obstacles, such as mountains.
  • What radio equipment do they already have and what frequencies do they support?
  • Do they fall within groundwave range of one or more frequencies above?
  • Are you both within range of a specific 2 meter, 70cm, or other repeater?
  • Is there direct line of sight between both locations (neighbor next door, with or without obstacles between you, and what the obstacles are if they exist).
  • Are they, or everyone you want to talk to, within 0-500 miles from each other (NVIS)?
  • Is direction finding a concern?
  • Do you or does someone else need to know the location of someone at given any time? (Tracking a bugout in progress).
  • Do different people within your communications plan have different communications needs? (urban, rural, highway routes, centralized communications hubs)

When Planning, Know How To Contact People

  • Have a plan. Knowing when to contact, who to contact, what methods of contacting and when are all critical in a good communications plan. Just as important as being able to contact someone is knowing how you and they are to respond when contact cannot be made. (See” 3-3-3” plan below.)
  • The 3-3-3 plan is a method commonly found on the Internet where you know at what time two people will try and communicate, and by what method. This has two goals. The first is defining the means of communication; the second is that by knowing when you plan to communicate, you can turn off your communications devices in between times, to save battery life. Here’s one of many excellent resources around planning one: https://radiofreeq.wordpress.com/2013/07/15/3-3-3-radio-plan-for-shtf-communications
  • Write down those numbers and plans. If all your contact information is on a cell phone and that fails, you lose all that information. Write it down, and use waterproof paper, if possible. One of the major downsides of the smart phone is that people no longer have to memorize phone numbers. Sadly, I am guilty of this.
  • Emergency services. Remember that there are ways to contact emergency services besides 911. All Fire, Police, Sheriff, and Ambulance services have their own local numbers, in addition to the relay with 911. When 911 lines become saturated during an emergency, remember you can call all emergency services directly. Having all those numbers written down ahead of time and programmed into your phone can make the difference between help and a busy signal.
  • Voice Mail. Remember if you have temporary access to voicemail, you can reset your VM to provide information.

Planning By Learning From Real Disasters

It doesn’t matter if you are planning for a hurricane or the apocalypse, the challenge is the same. Small groups of people have the need communicate between each other, and that group may have the need to communicate to a centralized or larger group.

If there is one consistent across almost all major disasters, it is that the existing communications infrastructure breaks down. Hurricanes, ice storms, and earthquakes take out cell and radio towers. Generators run out of fuel for those towers. Hard lines are cut or destroyed. Existing communications infrastructure almost always fails.

To combat this inherent failure of communications during a natural disaster, CERT teams have each member carry a small FRS radio to talk to each other while they go house to house searching for survivors. Those same FRS radios are ineffective at communicating between teams that are separated by distance, so frequently amateur radio operators are part of the CERT team, or accompany them with larger radios capable of providing communications between teams. These same amateur radio operators also provide team to central command communications in order to help direct search grids.

Note: CERT teams do not use FRS because the radios are better; they use them because many CERT members do not end up getting a Ham radio license, and FRS is really their only commonly available option.

Note: My local volunteer fire department uses low power VHF, similar to MURS. They can communicate within rural/suburban areas, but once they have to respond to a fire at the local mall their radios become ineffective.

This organization method, of having in-team communications and a “radio operator” to communicate with a larger organization, is no different in theory from how the military organizes communications. The method is effective.

Read More @ SurvivalBlog.com

One Day Tomorrow Won’t Arrive

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by Paul Craig Roberts, Paul Craig Roberts:

Before the idiots in Washington get us blown off of the face of the earth, the morons had better come to terms with the fact that the US military is now second class compared to the Russian military.

For example, the US Navy has been made obsolete by Russia’s hypersonic maneuvering Zircon missile.

For example, the speed and trajectory changes of the Russian Sarmat ICBM has nullified Washington’s ABM system. One Sarmet is sufficient to take out Great Britain, or France, or Germany, or Texas. It only takes a dozen to wipe out the United States.

Why don’t you know this?

For example, Washington’s enormously expensive F-35 jet fighter is no match whatsoever for Russian fighters.

For example, US tanks are no match for Russian tanks.

For example, Russian troops are superior in their combat readiness and training and are highly motivated and not worn out by 16 years of pointless and frustrating wars over no one knows what.

If the US ends up in a catastrophic war with a militarily superior power, it will be the fault of Hillary Clinton, the DNC, former CIA director John Brennan and the military/security complex, the presstitute media, and the American liberal/progressive/left, which, made completely stupid by Identity Politics, has allied with neoconservative warmongers against President Trump and prevented Trump from normalizing relations with Russia.

Without normal relations with Russia, nuclear Armageddon hangs over us like the sword of Damocles.

Do you not agree that it is outrageous, astounding, inexcusable, inexplicable, reckless and irresponsible that the Democratic Party, the print and TV media, the military/security complex that is supposed to protect us, and the liberal/progressive/left are working hand in glove to destroy the human race?

Why is there so much opposition to normalizing relations with a nuclear power? Why did even the Greens jump on the anti-Trump propaganda bandwaggon. Don’t the Greens understand the consequences of nuclear war?

Read More @ PaulCraigRoberts.org

Here’s a List of Locations for the November 4th Anti-Trump Protests

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by Daisy Luther, The Organic Prepper:

November 4th is approaching quickly and that is that date that groups like Antifa, Resist Fascism, and the Revolutionary Communist Party plan to protest the “Trump-Pence Regime.” They’ve been meeting for months to openly plan sedition and organize what they promise will be massive protests all over the country. Don’t be surprised if things become violent.

As promised, here’s the list of planned events. These will be good places to avoid on November 4th.

Atlanta Saturday November 4
6:00 pm

Euclid & Moreland Ave NE

Little 5 Points/Findley Plaza, ATLANTA

Bring pots and pans, flashlights, glow sticks, lanterns, signs, banners, and everyone you know.  The Trump/Pence Regime Must Go!

Facebook Event

 

Austin November 4
1:00 pm

Republic Square Park
422 Guadalupe St., Austin, TX
Facebook event page

Boston November 4
4:00 pm

Shoppers Plaza 1 Franklin Street

 

Chicago November 4
1:00 pm

Federal Plaza, 219 S. Dearborn

Facebook event page

Cleveland November 4
1:00 pm

Public SquareFacebook event page

Honolulu November 4
9:30 am

9:30am: Gather at Ala Moana Park (across from Pi`ikoi St.)
11:00 am: Rally at Thomas Square

Facebook event page

Los Angeles November 4
1:00 pm

Pershing Square
5th St. and Hill St ~ Downtown LA

Facebook event page

Read More @ TheOrganicPrepper.ca

A Open Letter To The Readers of Ready Nutrition About the Prepper Community

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by Jeremiah Johnson, Ready Nutrition:

This is a fairly straightforward and simple piece for your benefit as a prepper and survivalist.  Many articles that are placed upon ReadyNutrition’s screen are of use for your records and to serve (at bare minimum) perhaps as an impetus for further studies on the subject.  Do not neglect the comments section!

I wish to personally thank the reader to whom this piece is dedicated, as he sent me some great information on a bicycle motor complete with links and explanation.  The reason for this article is this: you will find a lot of wealth in the comments section from many individuals with talent, skills, and wisdom that they are willing to share.

Whenever you visit a site and research a particular topic, it is easy to screen the “dead weight” and the “trolls” in the comments.  Trolls are easy to spot: they are repetitively insulting and redundant in their complaints.  They follow the same “MO,” or Modus Operandi in the way that they insult and bash others.  Don’t allow a few “bad eggs” to dissuade you from the information you may need.

No author (myself included) has the “corner” on all information pertaining to any subject.  In this vein, information shared in the comments from anyone willing to contribute to a productive discussion furthering the benefit of any and all readers are both welcome and desired.  I, too, am a reader…I read the comments and learn as much as I can from those willing to share with the blog and the rest of us.

After you weed out the negatives and non-productive comments, you will find there are many with considerable experience in the area that is the subject of the article.  Highlight them, paste them into a Word document, and print them off and save them.  You will come to see that there are many who comment frequently when it is the type of subject central to their area of expertise.

Explore the links and research the extra material they give you.  If possible, ask for an e-mail or try to engender a correspondence with them.  Chances are you can mutually support one another in your efforts to perfect your prepping and survival skills.  Ask questions.  That is what the comments section is for…to share information and to ask questions.  The blog is a medium of exchange for information, and the authors are facilitators of topics.  The heart of any blog is the Readership.  That is you, the Reader.

Many have done more than ask questions and share information.  I write to many readers here regularly, on my private e-mail.  We are a community of like-minded individuals, and this is your forum…your chance to ask questions and be heard.  Save the information you have from other sites and exchange that information here when you see a similar article or the same topic of discussion.  In the end, any community is only as good as the members of the community wish to make it.  There is something at ReadyNutrition for everyone, and there is always room for improvement…and we value your input and information.  It is always welcome and always wanted.  Stay in that good fight!  J

Read More @ ReadyNutrition.com

Top 5 New Prepper Mistakes

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from Reality Survival:

Radio Communication Methods During Emergencies- Part 3

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from Survival Blog:

We just took a look at non-FCC License Dependent Communications, including use expectations and purchase considerations. Today, we begin examining FCC license dependent communications devices.

FCC License Dependent Communications

GMRS

GMRS radios operate on the same frequencies as FRS along with a number of additional channels. They can use up to 50 watts, and the FCC allows for better antennas and repeaters. GMRS will require a license. No test is needed, and the FCC license covers all residents of a household. On last check, the license cost $85 dollars. Pros and cons, along with distance, are similar to FRS, with the exception of additional power, use of repeaters, and better antennas. (See FRS radios for details.)

Amateur Radio – Ham Radio

Ham Radio Overview

Ham radio covers frequencies ranging from 135 kHz to above 275 GHz (as of March 28, 2017). The range of frequencies is immense and covers a wide range of possible communications distances. In addition to the features of each band of frequencies, Ham radio operators have access to satellite-based communications and EME (Earth Moon Earth) bouncing. EME is a technique where signals are bounded off of the moon to a distant location. As long as both antennas can point to the moon at the same time, this can greatly extend range (though it requires significant amounts of power and special antennas). Satellite access is typically setup as a repeater and/or APRS. (See below for information on APRS.) It is even possible to chat with astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) when they are overhead and on their Ham radio.

 

Various Ham Radio Methods of Communicating

Methods of communicating over frequencies vary too. They can include Analog AM/FM, Digital Voice, packets, TCP/IP, texting, email, file transfer, and CW (Morse Code), to list just a few. There are even Internet integration technologies, such as D-Star and Echolink, that will allow you to use software on your computer or radio to connect over the Internet to repeaters across the world. Ham radios can be combined with GPS and Internet gateways to send text messages to cellphones and email accounts from a handheld two-way radio. Winlink and other programs can send out email from your computer without Internet access, by using radio waves to carry the email to a remote email server or radio to radio.

As for encryption, there are several opinions of the law around this. Some say you can’t use encryption, and some point to sections of the FCC laws that describe the need to document your method of encryption but not your decryption keys. Since I’m not a lawyer, I won’t advise either way. I will note that a popular method of emailing via radio called Winlink does uses encryption. Winlink is used for both emergency and normal Ham radio communications.

Different Ham Radio Classes of License

Different classes of license have different levels of access to these methods on specific bands. Some bands are better for distance at different times of the day or night. Almost all are impacted by the solar cycle and sunspots.

Day/night Communications

Day vs night communications are all about bouncing radio waves off of the ionosphere. There is some impact with ground waves; however, it mostly concerns what layer of the ionosphere absorbs and reflects what frequency. Since the layers change between day and night, the absorption and reflection will change for each frequency.

  • Higher is the larger number in meters, not MHz (i.e. 30, 40, 60, 80 meters are higher than 20 meters).
  • 10.1 MHz (30 Meter band) and higher are better for night time.
  • 14 MHz (20 Meter band and below – to 12 meters) are better in the daytime.
  • 28 MHz (10 Meter band and lower to 6 Meters) are better in the daytime, and they are very close to line of site propagation. Sky wave propagation has an impact but usually not during a solar minimum (or the 2017 current solar maximum).
  • 144 MHz (2 Meters and lower) are line of sight and not really impacted by day/night differences.

Groundwave Distances and Frequency

Groundwave is what it sounds like. The radio wave spreads out along the ground, from the source antenna. This happens in parallel to sky wave propagation. The difference between groundwave and line of sight is that when a radio wave is about 6 meters or longer, it starts to follow the curve of the earth. For 6 meters, this curve past the horizon is minimal. For 160 meter waves, it can be out to distances near 100 miles. The following distances are very rough guidelines. Also note that these distances do not include sky wave distances. These are literally ground wave only approximations under good conditions.

  • 1.8 MHz (160 Meters) 90 miles
  • 3.5 MHz (80 Meters) 70 miles
  • 7 MHz (40 Meters) & 10 MHz (30 Meters) 40 miles
  • 14 MHz (20 Meters) 30 miles
  • 21 MHz (15 Meters) 30 miles
  • 28 MHz (10 Meters) 20 miles

Dead Zones

When radio waves bounce off the ionosphere, they do so in an inverted “V” pattern, over and over again. At the point where the wave is in contact with the ionosphere, it is not in contact with the earth. Think of it as a ball bouncing. Where the ball hits the ground, you can communicate; when it is in the air you cannot. The exception of this bounce is when you are within the range of groundwave. This bounce distance varies, because of a few things: angle of takeoff (based on type and height of the antenna), day/night ionospheric absorption of the radio wave, and the shape of the ionospheric layer itself. Do not think of the ionosphere as a smooth line in the sky; think of it as bouncing radio waves off of a rolling sea.

Because of dead zones, ionospheric absorption, terrain, and distance, developing a communications plan for a survival situation is not so much a matter of just saying what radio we will use or what frequency/wavelength those radios will operate on, as it is about having layers of backup plans. What frequency and wavelength will you attempt communication over first, and at what time will that occur? If unsuccessful, what frequency/time will be attempted next?

Note: I live in central North Carolina, and I have a horrible (I mean stealth) antenna setup. Using 80 meters at night, I can communicate with the “VA fone net” (one of the oldest Ham radio “nets” in the country, and located in Virginia). This is with a G5RV antenna setup in my basement (NVIS with overhead obstacles) and wrapped around at odd angles. We are generally talking about a 200-300 mile distance before my signal gets too weak. I can hear people in Canada, New England, Florida, Louisiana, and Texas. I’ve even seen packets come in from Cuba, Argentina, and Poland, but I cannot usually hear people 100 miles away.

Flexibility is the key to success here. Different distances vary based on what band/wavelength I am operating on and environmental conditions.

Radio Equipment

There’s more to sending and receiving data and voice over the airwaves than just an antenna and a radio. Before making any HF purchases, I recommend that you read the book Your First Amateur Radio HF Station from ARRL, ISBN: 978-1-62595-007-9. This book will give an excellent overview of what is needed and why and how to set it up.

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Meals in Minutes: How Blenders are a Healthy Option for Quick Dinners

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by Jeremiah Johnson, Ready Nutrition:

ReadyNutrition Readers, we have been covering a tremendous amount of information regarding nutrition and weight training over the past several months.  Emphasis needs to be placed on what you take in: your proteins, your amino acids, your whole foods, and high standards of nutritional quality.  As you may recall, there are three types of macronutrients, and they are as follows: protein, fat, and carbohydrates.  Simple, yes?  Those three form the basis for your nutrition, training, and recovery.

As I mentioned in previous articles, 1 gram of carbohydrates and 1 gram of protein both have 4 calories.  The two macronutrients are different, however, and the amount of thermic energy (that is the energy used from your daily intake to digest and process the food) is a higher requirement for proteins than it is for carbohydrates.  It takes 2 ½ times the amount of energy to break down proteins as it does for carbohydrates.

That being said, your blender is one thing you can use to help things along.  I have already told you how I’m a firm believer (and user) of high-quality protein powders that supply you with amino acids.  Enough said there.  You can use that blender of yours to blend up good juices fortified with other ingredients.  Such as what?  Such as beef, chicken, and other meats.  Yes, indeed!  All those blenders have a “liquefy” setting to them.  What you need is a “base” of juice, and then to “fortify” that juice with more protein for your consumption.

I’m not getting into juice-making, juice-machines, juice-fasting and “smoothies” to detoxify you.  Such matters are for other articles.  What I’m focusing on is a concept that you can use with you in matters besides just nutrition:

Take an existing good thing and make improvements on it to make it a great thing.

Your blender can be your best friend.  V-8 Juice is one of my favorites.  It has the juice of tomatoes, celery, carrots, beets, and other vegetables in it.  It has a bunch of vitamins, such as A and C, as well as iron and calcium.  Why not “fortify” it?  Or a simple base of tomato juice, in your blender…. with beef?  Yeah, remember that ground beef article I wrote not too long ago?  Take a quarter of a pound for a two-cup serving of juice…throw in some garlic powder and blend it up to liquefy!  What you’re doing is you’re adding a bunch of protein to your diet, and breaking it down in the blender to make it more readily digestible for you!

Yes, the protein express…next stop, your stomach!  Seriously, you can tailor these things to the way you want them.  Why not “blend” up a dinner for yourself?  Bake up a chicken pot pie?  Now chop it up and blend the daylights out of it, with some water, and maybe even a little extra meat such as chicken or beef in it.  A hardcore protein “smoothie” right out of your blender.  Tomato juice is an excellent base for you, as you can chop up virtually any vegetable you have and add to it, blending it.

You aren’t limited to just red meat or poultry either.  Hemp seeds, kale, spinach, and others have a lot of vegetable protein to even things out.  Are you looking for gains?  Well, this is the way.  You can also cook up mashed potatoes and good brown rice and blend it along with the other goodies.  These will give you some carbs and minerals you need.  A complete meal poured right out of the pitcher!  When you make this up, you can store it in a jar and take it with you to work to pop out of the fridge when you have a meal.

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