Ethanol, the Problem

by Bob Rinear The International Forecaster:

The bottom line is this folks. In areas where they can grow sawgrass and sugar cane, the “price” about equals out, but there’s a bigger carbon print. In areas where we’re using corn, the math does NOT work.

The other day I wrote a piece about dealing with the heat of Florida during a power outage, where the temp might be 94 degrees and the Humidity over 85%. I mentioned that a good gas generator, and a small window air conditioner can indeed get you through some rough nights.

But I also took a swipe at Ethanol gas, calling it Devil spawn and mentioned that it has several inherent problems here in the US as a fuel. Some of those problems are ECONOMIC, so today I want to explain my position. This is mainly in response to someone that wrote in, that sort of praised Ethanol’s use as a fuel, so let’s get to the nitty gritty of it all.

First the problems with the fuel itself. Ethanol Causes Fuel Decay. High amounts of oxygen in ethanol blended fuels cause gasoline to decay faster, and if left standing for long periods of time, the decaying fuel leaves varnish and sludge deposits. Those deposits WILL gum up your carburetor and jet passages and create all manner of issues.

Secondly, Ethanol is an alcohol and it chemically attracts water right out of the atmosphere. Well as you can imagine, one place you don’t want any water at all is in the fuel system of your boat/generator/small engines, etc. No, it’s no good and left for a long enough time, a bizarre situation develops where a layer of water contacts the gas and creates this “muck” called an inversion, that simply will not burn.

As I mentioned, in a closed loop system like a car where the system is pressurized and very little air gets in, it’s not horrible. But in open vent systems, it can cause huge problems. Simply ask any boater that went through nightmares when this stuff was first mandated as law. Many tens of millions of dollars went into repairing marine systems.

But it isn’t simply the problems I have with the fuel that are the big time issues. So let’s get all manner of Eco-sensitive here and see if Ethanol has been a plus or a minus for the earth.

When any alternative fuel comes to fruition, I tend to pay attention. I am wickedly in favor of solar for instance. The Sun rains down enough photons in ONE HOUR to power 2,000 trillion lightbulbs. We get enough light from the sun, if properly captured and stored, to run every gadget on the planet for 36K years. Every day. So with all this free energy bombarding us, doesn’t it make sense to figure out how to use it and store it? It certainly does.

But in the quest to get away from oil, people have tried all manner of “bio-fuels” and Ethanol at first, looked pretty good. In South America, they can grow sugar cane anywhere. It’s like a weed there. So, they started growing it in huge farms, and turning that biomass into Ethanol, and using it as a fuel. Well, the problem was and still is that 1) they have been cutting down the rain forests which capture so much of the carbon from the air, that 2) the “net-net” is that the world council says we put more carbon in the air, from all the excess farming, deforesting, and machinery needed to do it.

But Carbon is only one part of the problem. See, here in the US, we can’t grow sugar cane anywhere but in South Florida. So we turned to corn, which we can grow almost anywhere. But again the problems outweighed the benefits.

First off, is the volumes. To make enough corn to provide the 10% ethanol we need to run our vehicles, we had to once again expand the farm land, cut into wood lands, and use a lot more vehicles/machinery. That’s bad enough but more importantly, corn is the feedstock for anything from beef to chicken to table fare. We had to take some of that supply and turn it to making ethanol. So, when demand hit supply, the prices of feedstock rose, and thus so did beef and chicken etc.

Here's a snippet from Forbes with some numbers:

In 2000, over 90% of the U.S. corn crop went to feed people and livestock, many in undeveloped countries, with less than 5% used to produce ethanol. In 2013, however, 40% went to produce ethanol, 45% was used to feed livestock, and only 15% was used for food and beverage (AgMRC).

The United States will use over 130 billion gallons of gasoline this year, and over 50 billion gallons of diesel. On average, one bushel of corn can be used to produce just under three gallons of ethanol. If all of the present production of corn in the U.S. were converted into ethanol, it would only displace 25% of that 130 billion.

But it would completely disrupt food supplies, livestock feed, and many poor economies in the Western Hemisphere because the U.S. produces 40% of the world’s corn. Seventy percent of all corn imports worldwide come from the U.S. Simply implementing mandatory vehicle fuel efficiencies of 40 mpg would accomplish much more, much faster, with no collateral damage.

The bottom line is this folks. In areas where they can grow sawgrass and sugar cane, the “price” about equals out, but there’s a bigger carbon print. In areas where we’re using corn, the math does NOT work. We spend more to make a gallon of ethanol than it sells for. How can that work? Subsidies. The Government pays for it.

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