by Marin Katusa, Katusa Research:
What’s bad for large gold miners could be very good for gold stock investors for the next few years. The catch is, you must be a certain type of gold stock investor.
Put simply, large gold miners are running out of gold. Rather than look for more in jungles or frozen tundra, gold miners will do the smart thing. They’ll search for gold in the stock market… and go on a buyout binge of small and mid-cap companies with proven gold reserves.
Most mining investors don’t stop to think about it, but when a gold company sells an ounce of gold, it erases a little bit of its balance sheet value. This stands in contrast to companies that make candy, soda, or beer. These businesses don’t deplete their balance sheets in the normal course of producing revenue. Gold companies do. And this is why they must constantly replenish their reserves or they’ll mine themselves out of existence.
As you read this, large gold miners are finding it difficult to replace the reserves they dig out of the ground and sell. There are several reasons this is happening.
For starters, most of the world is “picked over” when it comes to gold deposits. After centuries of digging and drilling for gold, we’ve found most of the large deposits. The chart below shows how annual gold discoveries have plunged in the past 10 years (2015’s level is 85% below 2006’s level).
You also have falling gold prices. In 2011, gold reached a high of $1,900. Since then, investors have preferred stocks and bonds to gold, and gold has dropped to $1,252. This large decline means gold companies can’t mine some of their reserves economically, which means they can’t claim as many ounces in reserves as they could in 2011. The chart below shows how gold major’s reserves have declined dramatically since 2011. They are now below 2004 levels.
Gold’s decline also means less revenue for gold companies, which means they have less money to spend on project development and exploration. The chart below shows how gold miners have slashed capital expenditures (called capex) by 58% from 2012 levels.
This all means major gold companies need to beef up their reserves by purchasing the best projects owned by smaller gold companies. They have to show their shareholders growth, or the shareholders will begin to jump ship. We’ve seen some big ones take place this year. Gold major Goldcorp took out small cap Exeter Resources earlier this year, at over a 50% premium. Goldcorp’s CEO David Garofalo has openly stated that Goldcorp is aggressively looking to take advantage of the current downturn by picking up assets.
Royalty companies such as Sandstorm are even getting into the buyout mix with its recent purchase of Mariana Resources. I think Sandstorm made a smart move. Mariana’s Hot Maden project in Turkey is high grade, simple to put into production, and it will get a lot bigger.
I think the sweet spot of buyout targets will be mid-tiers and juniors that have large, district-scale projects that can move the needle for a major. I personally believe that there is going to be consolidation in the mid-tiers (defined as having between 100,000-1,000,000 ounces of annual production).
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