by Robert Lambourne, Gold Seek:
In the past two months the Bank for International Settlements, which represents most central banks in the world, has nearly doubled its gold swaps and derivatives position, the bank’s October and November statements of account show.
The BIS uses gold swaps and other gold derivatives to gain access to gold held by commercial banks. As of November 30 the bank’s swaps and derivatives, estimated at 250 tonnes, were at their highest level since February. But the recent levels are still much reduced compared compared to those of the second half of 2018.
There is not enough information in the BIS’ monthly reports to calculate the exact amount of swaps, but based on the information in the bank’s statement for November, its month-end gold swaps of about 250 tonnes compare with 186 tonnes at October 31, 128 tonnes at September 30, 162 tonnes at August 31, 95 tonnes at July 31, 126 tonnes at June 30, 78 tonnes at May 31, 88 tonnes at April 30, 175 tonnes at March 31, 303 tonnes at February 28, 247 tonnes at January 31, 275 tonnes at December 31, 2018, and 308 tonnes in November, 372 tonnes in October, 238 tonnes in September, and 370 tonnes in August 2018.
More background on the bank’s medium-term history of using gold swaps is available here:
On February 3 this year GATA published comments from a former gold industry executive describing the activities of the BIS in gold swaps in earlier decades:
The former executive wrote: “Effectively this process created a supply of ‘paper gold’ — sometimes but not always marked to market — that had a depressing effect on the gold price.”