by Mish Shedlock, The Maven:
Charlie Bilello @charliebilello posted the following chart which I replicated above, via Fred.
Let’s step back and look at the long-term picture.
High Yield Spread 2004-Present
Things are about to get worse, much worse.
Percentage of Corporate Bonds One Step Above Junk
Over 40% of the entire corporate bond market, 3.15 Trillion in BBB-rated bonds is one step above junk!
The percentage of investment grade bonds rated higher than BBB has fallen from 59% in 1996 to 42.8% in August of 2018.
Bond Market Breakdown (August 2018)
- AAA $0.11 Trillion
- AA $0.59 Trillion
- A $2.60 Trillion
- BBB $3.15 Trillion
- BB $0.57 Trillion
- B $0.52 Trillion
- C $0.16 Trillion
Rise of the Zombie
In the US, 15% of the companies in the S&P 1500 are Zombie corporations. The Zombie attribute applies to firms that are unable to cover debt servicing costs from current profits over an extended period.
Zombie corporations only survive because they can roll over debt.
The Fed is desperate to keep Zombies alive, but that keeps productivity low and it is at the expense of corporations that make better use of capital.
This bubble, widely referred to as the “everything bubble” is really an artifact of a junk bond market fueled by increasingly ignorant Fed policy since 2009.
Suddenly, No Appetite
Can corporate American handle a downturn?
Netflix has gone from having very little debt in 2010 to having more than $10 billion now. Verizon now has $113 billion of debt, more than double the amount it had six years ago. By one measure, the ratio of corporate debt to G.D.P., the total level of borrowing is at all-time highs.
And with the American economy already expected to slow in 2019, the climbing costs of corporate borrowing could determine whether any slowdown turns into something much worse.
GE had $114 billion in debt at the end of the third quarter, 3.7 times its equity and more than four times the industry average debt-to-equity ratio of 0.77, Refinitiv data shows.
There are many investment grade bond funds that will either have to break their agreements or dump up to $3.15 trillion of debt if there are significant debt downgrades, and there will be.