by Steve St. Angelo, SRSRocco Report:
The death of U.S. Energy Independence will occur when the collapse of shale oil production begins. And when U.S. shale oil production finally peaks and declines, it could fall much more rapidly than we realize. The rate at which U.S. shale oil production declines in the future is based on two key factors, remaining reserves, and the oil price.
Before I get into the remaining shale oil reserves, let’s first consider the price. When the oil price collapsed from mid-2014 to a low at the beginning of 2016, frackers cut drilling considerably. From March 2015 to September 2016, total U.S. shale oil production fell approximately 600,000 barrels per day (info Shaleprofile.com). However, this decline was not due to the peak in production, but rather, because the low oil price made drilling shale oil uneconomical.
What happens when U.S. shale oil production finally peaks along with much lower oil prices? Well, that will be the PERFECT STORM for the U.S. shale oil industry. As I have mentioned in several articles and videos, when the current economic market cycle of 9-years finally rolls over, we are going to have one heck of a market correction. When the broader markets crack lower in a big way, they will most certainly pull down the oil price along with it.
To get an idea of the total U.S. shale oil production, here is a chart from Enno Peters at ShaleProfile.com:
This chart shows U.S. shale oil production as of April this year. Total U.S. shale oil production is shown to be a little bit more than 5 million barrels per day. Each color in the chart represents a year’s worth of oil production. What is interesting about the chart above, is the huge decline rate of domestic shale oil production. And as each year passes, the degree of decline steepens.
Now, to get an idea of how U.S. shale oil production will decline in the future, I have included a series of charts by Jean Laherrere. You can check out the entire document by Laherrere and Hall at Forecast For U.S. Oil & Gas Production. Jean takes the past production profile and bases future production on remaining oil reserves using a Hubbert Linearization formula. For example, the North Dakota Bakken shale oil production will fall back to a little more than 100,000 barrels per day by 2025, based on a total of 4 billion barrels of total reserves:
This chart is a bit dated as Bakken oil production is slightly higher than what is shown in the chart, but I believe the downside slope is a realistic forecast. Here are two more charts showing the future forecast for the Eagle Ford and Permian Basin:
Jean shows the Permian Basin peaking sometime in 2019. Of course, the peak might be delayed a bit, but as we can see, Permian shale oil production will decline in the same manner as it increased. Furthermore, if we do see a collapse in the oil price, it could impact how quickly Permian shale oil production declines.
If we look at the total U.S. shale oil production profile, Jean shows a collapse of 75% by 2025 using :
By dissecting the dotted green line at 2025, it shows 1.3 million barrels per day. Assuming a peak of 5 million barrels per day, that is a 3.7 million barrel per day decline, or 75%. Again, these charts are estimations based on total U.S. shale oil reserves at 20 billion barrels. If you look at the BROWN LINE, it shows the cumulative shale oil production at over 10 billion barrels (right side scale).
Even though the U.S. hasn’t peaked yet in total shale oil production, we have surpassed the halfway mark in total shale oil reserves. If the shale oil industry can add more economical reserves, then the peak could be delayed a bit. However, if the oil price crashes and remains low during a deflationary recession-depression, then the peak and decline of U.S. shale oil production will likely be even more severe.
Still Losing Money Production Shale Oil In The Permian
While the Permian Basin is now the largest shale producing region in the United States, companies are still struggling to make a profit. For example, the largest producer in the Permian, Pioneer Resources, suffered a negative $248 million in free cash flow during the first half of 2018.
Pioneer Resources spent $1.6 billion on capital expenditures in the first half of 2018 to increase production by 21,000 barrels per day of oil equivalent. According to Pioneer’s Q2 Press Release, their Permian oil production increased from 251,000 Boe (barrels of oil equivalent) at the beginning of 2018 to 272,000 Boe in the Q2 2018. That is one hell of a lot of money to increase production only increase production by a mere 8%.
So, Pioneer continues to spend more money on capital expenditures than they receive from cash from operations. And the reason for that is the severe decline rate that plagues the shale industry. If we look at the following chart, we can see just how steep the decline rate was based on 2017 production:
The light blue color represents shale oil production brought on in 2017. If no new wells were drilled in 2018, then overall production would have declined by 500,000 barrels per day in just the first five months of 2018. Folks, it takes a tremendous amount of capital expenditures just to replace that 500,000 barrels per day lost. This is precisely why Pioneer continues to throw good money after bad.
Some might say, “Why does Pioneer continue to stay in business and why does it have a $175 stock price?” Well, that’s a good question. For one thing, Pioneer has issued a net $5 billion in new stock since 2010 to fund business. While some shale companies issue debt, Pioneer decided to take advantage of its high stock price by diluting shareholder value to continue the Great U.S. Shale Ponzi Scheme.